How to use Atomic add for Complex float data?

I’m trying to write a mex gateway function to add two complex float array. I want to do it with atomic functions. here is my code:

#include <cuda_runtime.h>
#include "device_launch_parameters.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include "cuda.h"
#include <iostream>
#include <mex.h>
#include "gpu/mxGPUArray.h"
#include "matrix.h"
#include <thrust/complex.h>
#include <string.h>

//#define gpuErrchk(ans) { gpuAssert((ans), __FILE__, __LINE__); }
//inline void gpuAssert(cudaError_t code, const char* file, int line, bool abort = true)
//	if (code != cudaSuccess)
//	{
//		fprintf(stderr, "GPUassert: %s %s %d\n", cudaGetErrorString(code), file, line);
//		if (abort) exit(code);
//	}

typedef thrust::complex<float> fcomp;

__global__ void add(fcomp * Device_DataRes, fcomp * Device_Data1, fcomp * Device_Data2, int N) {
	int TID = threadIdx.y * blockDim.x + threadIdx.x;
	int BlockOFFset = blockDim.x * blockDim.y * blockIdx.x;
	int GID_RowBased = BlockOFFset + TID;
	if (GID_RowBased < N) {

		//Device_DataRes[GID_RowBased] = Device_Data1[GID_RowBased] + Device_Data2[GID_RowBased];

	//	Device_Data1[GID_RowBased] = Device_Data1[GID_RowBased] + Device_Data2[GID_RowBased];
		atomicAdd(&Device_Data1[GID_RowBased], Device_Data2[GID_RowBased]);


void mexFunction(int nlhs, mxArray* plhs[],
	int nrhs, const mxArray* prhs[]) {

	int N = 1000;
	int ArrayByteSize = sizeof(fcomp) * N;

	fcomp* Device_Data1;
	fcomp* Device_Data2;
	fcomp* DataRes;
	fcomp* Device_DataRes;

	mxComplexSingle*  Data1 = mxGetComplexSingles(prhs[0]);
	mxComplexSingle* Data2 = mxGetComplexSingles(prhs[1]);

	(cudaMalloc((void**)&Device_Data1, ArrayByteSize));
	(cudaMemcpy(Device_Data1, Data1, ArrayByteSize, cudaMemcpyHostToDevice));

	(cudaMalloc((void**)&Device_Data2, ArrayByteSize));
	(cudaMemcpy(Device_Data2, Data2, ArrayByteSize, cudaMemcpyHostToDevice));

	plhs[0] = mxCreateNumericMatrix(N, 1, mxSINGLE_CLASS, mxCOMPLEX);
	DataRes = static_cast<fcomp*> (mxGetData(plhs[0]));

	(cudaMalloc((void**)&Device_DataRes, ArrayByteSize));

	dim3 block(1024);
	int GridX = (N / block.x + 1);
	dim3 grid(GridX);//SystemSetup.NumberOfTransmitter
	add << <grid, block >> > (Device_DataRes, Device_Data1, Device_Data2,  N);

	(cudaMemcpy(DataRes, Device_Data1, ArrayByteSize, cudaMemcpyDeviceToHost));


The code compiles (and runs ) fine if i comment the line related to the atomic add and use the line above it. I need to use atomic function as they raise a flag if two threads want to copy to the same location (not the case in this code of course).
is there any way to do it?

Thanks in advance.

For a complex value based on float real and imaginary parts (what you are showing here), it is possible using a generalized atomic. For complex values based on double real and imaginary parts, it is not possible using atomics directly. Atomics are limited to updating a maximum of 8 bytes atomically.

You could probably use a critical section if you wish, but that becomes rather involved and not what I would recommend for CUDA beginners (don’t know if that applies to you, of course.)

The high performance approach is to use a parallel reduction based method. Have each thread or threadblock declare the value that it wants to add to the desired location, then do a parallel reduction to add all those values together.

Since a complex value can be thought of as a two-valued struct, this SO answer gives additional links for all 3 ideas I have pointed to here.

Also, as indicated in the answer there, it is not clear to me that for the case of atomicAdd on complex quantities, you cannot achieve the same result simply using independent atomics on the real and imaginary parts, whether float or double. See here

“To add or subtract two complex numbers, just add or subtract the corresponding real and imaginary parts.”

That’s the way I would suggest. Handle the real and imaginary updates independently.

It’s true that with IEEE-754 floating point, A+B+C is not necessarily the same as A+C+B, but it’s not clear to me that choosing one “unordered” atomic sequence is any better or worse than choosing another “unordered” but equivalent atomic sequence.