Cuda-gdb cannot run properly on WSL2

I am a newbie of cuda c programming, and I have some problems in debugging cuda codes on WSL2.

I have installed cuda toolkit 12.3 on my WSL2 and my driver version is 545.33

Here is a simple cuda code:

__global__ void hello_world(void)
  printf("GPU: Hello world!\n");
int main(int argc,char **argv)
  printf("CPU: Hello world!\n");
  cudaDeviceReset();//if no this line ,it can not output hello world from gpu
  return 0;

I firstly compiled the cuda codes with command:

nvcc -g -G -O0 -arch compute_86 -o script

And I used cuda-gdb:

cuda-gdb script

I tagged a breakpoint on hello_world<<<1,10>>>(); and when I approached that line, an error raised:

And I have tried using vsode for debugging also and here are the launch.json and tasks.json

// launch.json
  "version": "0.2.0",
  "configurations": [
      "name": "CUDA C++: Current Dir",
      "type": "cuda-gdb",
      "request": "launch",
      "program": "${workspaceFolder}/script",
      "debuggerPath": "/usr/local/cuda-12.3/bin/cuda-gdb",
      "preLaunchTask": "mynvcc"

// tasks.json
  "version": "2.0.0",
  "tasks": [
      "label": "mynvcc",
      "type": "shell",
      "command": "nvcc",
      "args": [

And the debugging is stucked at return ::cudaLaunchKernel((const void *)func, gridDim, blockDim, args, sharedMem, stream);
Can someone help me?

BTW, I also tried debugging on the cuda docker container (built by nvidia official image) with cuda-11.0 and it works properly.
So seems the problem is related to WSL2 or cuda-12.3?

Hi, @karhoutam

We can’t reproduce your issue using CUDA12.3+WSL+Ampere card. Please see below.

test@cqa-r2-2:~$ cd 284763/
test@cqa-r2-2:~/284763$ ls
test@cqa-r2-2:~/284763$ nvcc -g -G -O0 -arch compute_86 -o script
test@cqa-r2-2:~/284763$ ./script
CPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
GPU: Hello world!
test@cqa-r2-2:~/284763$ cuda-gdb script
NVIDIA (R) CUDA Debugger
CUDA Toolkit 12.3 release
Portions Copyright (C) 2007-2023 NVIDIA Corporation
GNU gdb (GDB) 12.1
Copyright (C) 2022 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

(cuda-gdb) set cuda break_on_launch app
(cuda-gdb) r
Starting program: /home/test/284763/script
[Thread debugging using libthread_db enabled]
Using host libthread_db library “/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/”.
CPU: Hello world!
[New Thread 0x7ffff6dff000 (LWP 1115)]
[New Thread 0x7ffff5b21000 (LWP 1116)]
[Detaching after fork from child process 1117]
[New Thread 0x7ffff4fff000 (LWP 1125)]
[Thread 0x7ffff4fff000 (LWP 1125) exited]
[New Thread 0x7ffff4fff000 (LWP 1126)]
[Switching focus to CUDA kernel 0, grid 1, block (0,0,0), thread (0,0,0), device 0, sm 0, warp 0, lane 0]
hello_world<<<(1,1,1),(10,1,1)>>> () at
4 printf(“GPU: Hello world!\n”);
(cuda-gdb) s
hello_world<<<(1,1,1),(10,1,1)>>> () at
5 }
(cuda-gdb) info cuda devices
Dev PCI Bus/Dev ID Name Description SM Type SMs Warps/SM Lanes/Warp Max Regs/Lane Active SMs Mask

  • 0 03:00.0 NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3070 GA104-A sm_86 46 48 32 256 0x000000000001

My GPU is nvidia rtx 3070 laptop gpu and my wsl2 is ubuntu 22.04. I have tried debugging in the same way but on docker container (with ubuntu 20.04 and cuda-11.0) and cuda-gdb works properly.

Is some incompatible issues in wsl2 or ubuntu 22.04? I installed cuda 12.3 on my wsl2 in deb(network) way.
Or maybe I missed something?

Please make sure this capability is enabled via the registry key >HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\NVIDIA Corporation\GPUDebugger\EnableInterface set to (DWORD) 1


cannot find the GPUDebugger folder

Please create 1 if you don’t have. (I think you didn’t install cuda toolkit on your windows)

1 Like

Problem solved!
Thanks for your help!

Great! Thanks for the update !

BTW, is it necessary to install cuda on win10 also (I barely code on win10)?
I only code on my WSL2 ubuntu.

Yes. CUDA can be installed on Win10.

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