What's waking up my card and how can I get it into a powered off state when using On-Demand?


I have a Thinkpad with a dedicated RTX 3070 mobile. I am using Ubuntu 21.04 with KDE and in nvidia-settings the system is set to work in the on-demand mode.
Recently I read on reddit that even probing the temperature causes the GPU to be awake. The power state can be checked in /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000\:01\:00.0/power_state and it always says D0, even after I have removed the sensor from the KDE widget that shows the temperature in the system tray.
Furthermore, nvidia-smi reports a process that is always running:

| Processes:                                                                  |
|  GPU   GI   CI        PID   Type   Process name                  GPU Memory |
|        ID   ID                                                   Usage      |
|    0   N/A  N/A   1027686      G   /usr/lib/xorg/Xorg                  4MiB |

I am not sure whether this affects the power state.

How can I figure out what’s keeping my card awake and how I can turn it off when I don’t need it?

Even after shutting down the X server via systemctl stop sddm.service it still reported the power state as D0. Might that be an issue with the driver?

I finally switched to Debian again. I am using Bookworm now, the current testing branch. The GPU goes into D3cold without problems, after some time.

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