Okay, so I downloaded CUDA, my GPU is an RTX 2060 and I followed NVIDIA’s official tutorial.

So for one thread, the code is:

```
#include <iostream>
#include <math.h>
// Kernel function to add the elements of two arrays
__global__
void add(int n, float *x, float *y)
{
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
y[i] = x[i] + y[i];
}
int main(void)
{
int N = 1<<20;
float *x, *y;
// Allocate Unified Memory – accessible from CPU or GPU
cudaMallocManaged(&x, N*sizeof(float));
cudaMallocManaged(&y, N*sizeof(float));
// initialize x and y arrays on the host
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
x[i] = 1.0f;
y[i] = 2.0f;
}
// Run kernel on 1M elements on the GPU
add<<<1, 1>>>(N, x, y);
// Wait for GPU to finish before accessing on host
cudaDeviceSynchronize();
// Check for errors (all values should be 3.0f)
float maxError = 0.0f;
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
maxError = fmax(maxError, fabs(y[i]-3.0f));
std::cout << "Max error: " << maxError << std::endl;
// Free memory
cudaFree(x);
cudaFree(y);
return 0;
}
```

And using nvprof gives me 50ms.

For 256 threads, and one block, the code is:

```
#include <iostream>
#include <math.h>
// Kernel function to add the elements of two arrays
__global__
void add(int n, float *x, float *y)
{
int index = threadIdx.x;
int stride = blockDim.x;
for (int i = index; i < n; i += stride)
y[i] = x[i] + y[i];
}
int main(void)
{
int N = 1<<20;
float *x, *y;
// Allocate Unified Memory – accessible from CPU or GPU
cudaMallocManaged(&x, N*sizeof(float));
cudaMallocManaged(&y, N*sizeof(float));
// initialize x and y arrays on the host
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
x[i] = 1.0f;
y[i] = 2.0f;
}
// Run kernel on 1M elements on the GPU
add<<<1, 256>>>(N, x, y);
// Wait for GPU to finish before accessing on host
cudaDeviceSynchronize();
// Check for errors (all values should be 3.0f)
float maxError = 0.0f;
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
maxError = fmax(maxError, fabs(y[i]-3.0f));
std::cout << "Max error: " << maxError << std::endl;
// Free memory
cudaFree(x);
cudaFree(y);
return 0;
}
```

Now nvprof gives me 2ms. Which is all fine and good. But when I try to execute multiple threads AND multiple blocks, nvprof shows no performance increase at all between the code with just multiple threads and the one with multiple threads and blocks. Here is the multiple-block code:

```
#include <iostream>
#include <math.h>
// Kernel function to add the elements of two arrays
__global__
void add(int n, float *x, float *y)
{
int index = blockIdx.x * blockDim.x + threadIdx.x;
int stride = blockDim.x * gridDim.x;
for (int i = index; i < n; i += stride)
y[i] = x[i] + y[i];
}
int main(void)
{
int N = 1<<20;
float *x, *y;
// Allocate Unified Memory – accessible from CPU or GPU
cudaMallocManaged(&x, N*sizeof(float));
cudaMallocManaged(&y, N*sizeof(float));
// initialize x and y arrays on the host
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
x[i] = 1.0f;
y[i] = 2.0f;
}
// Run kernel on 1M elements on the GPU
int blockSize = 256;
int numBlocks = (N + blockSize - 1) / blockSize;
add<<<numBlocks, blockSize>>>(N, x, y);
// Wait for GPU to finish before accessing on host
cudaDeviceSynchronize();
// Check for errors (all values should be 3.0f)
float maxError = 0.0f;
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
maxError = fmax(maxError, fabs(y[i]-3.0f));
std::cout << "Max error: " << maxError << std::endl;
// Free memory
cudaFree(x);
cudaFree(y);
return 0;
}
```

This code should execute on multiple blocks but the performance is still the same as the previous code. Does anyone know why? Can anyone tell me why? It would be much appreciated. I am using the code from this tutorial: