CUDA + OpenGL Using Interoperability


I’m currently developing a CUDA kernel to perform RayTracing over voxel data. The kernel works fine and so far I have managed to get it to write the image in a simple array which is then copied back to the ‘CPU’ and displayed with glDrawPixels().

Obviously all this memory copying/moving ruins performance so I want to generate the image on the GPU and leave it in the ‘graphics’ memory to be displayed later.

In the CUDA By Example book chapter 8 includes a basic example of this which I tried to copy. However, when I run the code I get a segmentation fault and no decent error messages.

According to the CUDA documentation the OpenGL Interoperability code is now deprecated and it doesn’t describe a situation where this might happen.

Has anyone had this problem before and can share a solution? Or is there a better solution to linking CUDA and OpenGL code together?

I have a google for a solution but I couldn’t find one especially as its just this one function causing problems. Also I can’t find the newer API for CUDA interoperability with OpenGL.


Nvidia 9800 GTX+ GPU

nvcc: NVIDIA ® Cuda compiler driver

Copyright © 2005-2010 NVIDIA Corporation

Built on Wed_Nov__3_16:16:57_PDT_2010

Cuda compilation tools, release 3.2, V0.2.1221

build command: nvcc -c -arch sm_11

opengl : 2.1

OS : Ubuntu Linux 64bit

Relevant code:

pixels = new unsigned char[FLAGS_screenw*FLAGS_screenh]; // for copying GPU generated frame into

  memset(pixels, 0, FLAGS_screenw*FLAGS_screenh);

  cudaDeviceProp prop;


  LOG("ID of current CUDA device:  %d", dev);

  memset(&prop, 0, sizeof(cudaDeviceProp));

  prop.major = 1;

  prop.minor = 1;

  HANDLE_ERROR(cudaChooseDevice(&dev, &prop));

  HANDLE_ERROR(cudaGLSetGLDevice(dev)); // <---- from book

  LOG("ID of CUDA device closest to revision %d.%d:  %d", 1,1,dev);


  LOG("Allocating memory in GPU");

  HANDLE_ERROR(cudaMalloc((void**)&dev_world, sizeof(VOXEL) * 


  HANDLE_ERROR(cudaMalloc((void**)&dev_screen, sizeof(unsigned char) *


  LOG("Allocating GL buffers");

  glGenBuffers(1, &pixel_buffer);

  LOGGLERROR(); // Macro for giving opengl errors

  glBindBuffer(GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, pixel_buffer);


  glBufferData(GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER, sizeof(unsigned char) * FLAGS_screenw *

      FLAGS_screenh, NULL, GL_DYNAMIC_DRAW);


  if (resource == NULL) LOG("NULL");

  HANDLE_ERROR(cudaGraphicsGLRegisterBuffer(&resource, pixel_buffer, 


  LOG("CUDA Init complete");

The output I get is:

[] ID of current CUDA device: 0

[] ID of CUDA device closest to revision 1.1: 0

[] Allocating memory in GPU

[] Allocating GL buffers


Segmentation fault

As you can see the cudaGraphicsGLRegisterBuffer() function fails and causes a segmentation fault but I can’t seem to get any error codes out of it.

Thank you in advance for your help,

from Josh

CUDA Documentation:

There are SDK samples that do CUDA-OpenGL interop. Hope you will get some hints from there…!

What is this resource variable you are testing?