Driver hang with Vulkan on 456.38 and later

When running a certain sequence of Vulkan commands, the app will hang. If the process is not terminated, the graphics driver will hang/become unstable.

Here is a RenderDoc capture of the issue. This also causes RenderDoc to hang/be unstable in the same way on my machine: (9.4 KB)

RenderDoc v1.10

After bisecting driver versions:
GeForce Game Ready Driver 456.38 (Sep 17) and later hangs. The issue persists on the latest driver, 457.30.
452.06 and earlier do not have the issue.

Windows 10 Pro 64-Bit
Nvidia Geforce 2080 Ti
Vulkan SDK

Full Nvidia control panel system info dump:

GitHub issue with full reproducer project and info: