Version 310 compiles with kernel 3.7.5 but not with 3.7.6 or newer.

I have not tried any other driver versions.

Both kernels were made the same way: download and extract the kernel tarball, extract, apply the BFS patch, and use Debian’s make-kpkg to compile. All configuration options are exactly the same.

The fail message follows:

ERROR: If you are using a Linux 2.4 kernel, please make sure
you either have configured kernel sources matching your
kernel or the correct set of kernel headers installed
on your system.

If you are using a Linux 2.6 kernel, please make sure
you have configured kernel sources matching your kernel
installed on your system. If you specified a separate
output directory using either the "KBUILD_OUTPUT" or
the "O" KBUILD parameter, make sure to specify this
directory with the SYSOUT environment variable or with
the equivalent nvidia-installer command line option.

Depending on where and how the kernel sources (or the
kernel headers) were installed, you may need to specify
their location with the SYSSRC environment variable or
the equivalent nvidia-installer command line option.

Here are the contents of /var/log/nvidia-installer.log:

nvidia-installer log file ‘/var/log/nvidia-installer.log’
creation time: Sun Feb 17 09:37:46 2013
installer version: 310.32

PATH: /usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin

nvidia-installer command line:
./nvidia-installer
-K

Using: nvidia-installer ncurses user interface
-> License accepted.
-> Installing NVIDIA driver version 310.32.
-> Performing CC sanity check with CC=“cc”.
-> Performing CC version check with CC=“cc”.
-> Kernel source path: ‘/lib/modules/3.7.6-bfs/source’
-> Kernel output path: ‘/lib/modules/3.7.6-bfs/build’
ERROR: If you are using a Linux 2.4 kernel, please make sure
you either have configured kernel sources matching your
kernel or the correct set of kernel headers installed
on your system.

If you are using a Linux 2.6 kernel, please make sure
you have configured kernel sources matching your kernel
installed on your system. If you specified a separate
output directory using either the "KBUILD_OUTPUT" or
the "O" KBUILD parameter, make sure to specify this
directory with the SYSOUT environment variable or with
the equivalent nvidia-installer command line option.

Depending on where and how the kernel sources (or the
kernel headers) were installed, you may need to specify
their location with the SYSSRC environment variable or
the equivalent nvidia-installer command line option.
ERROR: Installation has failed. Please see the file ‘/var/log/nvidia-installer.log’ for details. You may find suggestions on fixing installation problems in the README available on the Linux driver download page at www.nvidia.com.