nvidia-smi is working. It is just telling you, that it cannot find a loaded driver. Which is what actually is happening.
How did you install the driver? By driver manager or PPA?
[ 0.000000] secureboot: Secure boot enabled
Try disabling Secure Boot.
If that is not helping, then show the output of:
And also create a new bug report.
Besides that it might be worth checking for a bios update:
[ 0.163196] ACPI: [Firmware Bug]: BIOS OSI(Linux) query ignored
[ 0.228587] ACPI: Dynamic OEM Table Load:
[ 0.228601] ACPI: SSDT 0xFFFF8F82FDB1C800 0005DC (v02 PmRef Cpu0Ist 00003000 INTL 20121018)
[ 0.230382] ACPI: _PR.CPU0: _OSC native thermal LVT Acked
[ 0.231064] ACPI BIOS Error (bug): AE_AML_BUFFER_LIMIT, Field [CAP1] at bit offset/length 64/32 exceeds size of target Buffer (64 bits) (20190816/dsopcode-203)