Boot L4T 28.1 from flash drive

Has anyone succeed in booting L4T 28.1 from flash drive?(Jetson TX1)

I found following JetHacks demonstration below copying root folder to the external drive and editing the extlinux.conf exactly as described in the video won’t work:

http://www.jetsonhacks.com/2017/08/05/develop-on-ssd-nvidia-jetson-tx1-and-jetson-tx2/

I am trying L4T 28.1 on TX1 board.

hello jetboyYerong,

please refer to [R28.1 Development Guide], and check the [Flashing and Booting the Target Device] chapter.
thanks

Are you talking about this document?
http://developer2.download.nvidia.com/embedded/L4T/r28_Release_v1.0/Docs/Tegra_Linux_Driver_Package_Release_Notes_R28.1.pdf?37kqTFiZB0v_ivTaXMXJBYYctWNYr-vprLrWpuw2tjd-ighxyCLqFYDR7AFQLrFO0poZPzkW7EuKuMX7SPLWymshLpoBWq8uiieBfQZNSkNEn1Hyfc39bWUthFKa2ok13e7MnoJD8NIXzJO1HvNALibsHFwng2dpkyMBndT2WtMjI-yMZmb_9WiGsA-uWqg5pdSkQQ

If you go here there is a Documentation download after selecting R28.1:
https://developer.nvidia.com/embedded/linux-tegra

This unpacks and has an “index.html” file you can point your browser at. This is the index into “Tegra Linux Driver Package Development Guide.html”.

My flash drive is inserted on Jetson TX1 board.

After install jetpack on the desktop side, I went into the folder

JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1

and run the command on my desktop

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-tx1 sda1

I got output

copying bctfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/BCT/P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.cfg)... done.
copying bootloader(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/cboot.bin)... done.
copying initrd(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/l4t_initrd.img)... done.
	populating kernel to rootfs... done.
	populating initrd to rootfs... done.
	populating extlinux.conf.usb to rootfs... done.
	populating /home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/kernel/dtb/tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb to rootfs... done.
done.
Making Boot image... done.
copying bcffile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/cfg/board_config_p2597-devkit.xml)... done.
Existing sosfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/nvtboot_recovery.bin) reused.
copying tegraboot(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/nvtboot.bin)... done.
Existing bpffile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/bpmp.bin) reused.
copying wb0boot(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/warmboot.bin)... done.
Existing tosfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/tos.img) reused.
Existing eksfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/eks.img) reused.
copying dtbfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/kernel/dtb/tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb)... done.
generating /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf files... done.
generating system.img for booting... 
Making system.img... 
	populating rootfs from /tmp/tmp.hXaI0NgYXC ... done.
	Sync'ing system.img ... done.
	Converting RAW image to Sparse image... 

---- Raw to Sparse Image Converter v1.0 ----------------------------
  0: RAW:     3682304(    899 blks) ==>          28:3682316
  1: SKP:       57344(     14 blks) ==>     3682344:12
  2: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>     3682356:4108
  3: SKP:       61440(     15 blks) ==>     3686464:12
  4: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>     3686476:4108
  5: SKP:    33550336(   8191 blks) ==>     3690584:12
  6: RAW:       24576(      6 blks) ==>     3690596:24588
  7: SKP:    96833536(  23641 blks) ==>     3715184:12
  8: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>     3715196:8204
  9: SKP:     3665920(    895 blks) ==>     3723400:12
 10: RAW:     1449984(    354 blks) ==>     3723412:1449996
 11: SKP:      667648(    163 blks) ==>     5173408:12
 12: RAW:       98304(     24 blks) ==>     5173420:98316
 13: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>     5271736:12
 14: RAW:      106496(     26 blks) ==>     5271748:106508
 15: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>     5378256:12
 16: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>     5378268:4108
 17: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>     5382376:12
 18: RAW:     1130496(    276 blks) ==>     5382388:1130508
 19: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>     6512896:12
 20: RAW:      307200(     75 blks) ==>     6512908:307212
 21: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>     6820120:12
 22: RAW:      122880(     30 blks) ==>     6820132:122892
 23: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>     6943024:12
 24: RAW:      258048(     63 blks) ==>     6943036:258060
 25: SKP:      503808(    123 blks) ==>     7201096:12
 26: RAW:    16777216(   4096 blks) ==>     7201108:16777228
 27: SKP:   243269632(  59392 blks) ==>    23978336:12
 28: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    23978348:8204
 29: SKP:   268427264(  65534 blks) ==>    23986552:12
 30: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    23986564:8204
 31: SKP:   268427264(  65534 blks) ==>    23994768:12
 32: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    23994780:8204
 33: SKP:   268427264(  65534 blks) ==>    24002984:12
 34: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    24002996:8204
 35: SKP:   939515904( 229374 blks) ==>    24011200:12
 36: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    24011212:4108
 37: SKP:  1207955456( 294911 blks) ==>    24015320:12
 38: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    24015332:8204
 39: SKP:   268427264(  65534 blks) ==>    24023536:12
 40: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    24023548:8204
 41: SKP:   671080448( 163838 blks) ==>    24031752:12
 42: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    24031764:8204
 43: SKP:       57344(     14 blks) ==>    24039968:12
 44: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    24039980:4108
 45: SKP:       61440(     15 blks) ==>    24044088:12
 46: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    24044100:4108
 47: SKP:    33550336(   8191 blks) ==>    24048208:12
 48: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>    24048220:12300
 49: SKP:   100519936(  24541 blks) ==>    24060520:12
 50: RAW:     7139328(   1743 blks) ==>    24060532:7139340
 51: SKP:  2006126592( 489777 blks) ==>    31199872:12
 52: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>    31199884:12300
 53: SKP:   134205440(  32765 blks) ==>    31212184:12
 54: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    31212196:8204
 55: SKP:     3665920(    895 blks) ==>    31220400:12
 56: RAW:       61440(     15 blks) ==>    31220412:61452
 57: SKP:  2009530368( 490608 blks) ==>    31281864:12
 58: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    31281876:4108
 59: SKP:  2147479552( 524287 blks) ==>    31285984:12
 60: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    31285996:4108
 61: SKP:   134213632(  32767 blks) ==>    31290104:12
 62: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    31290116:8204
 63: SKP:  2013257728( 491518 blks) ==>    31298320:12
 64: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    31298332:4108
 65: SKP:  2147479552( 524287 blks) ==>    31302440:12
-- Total: -----------------------------------------------------------
 66 CHUNK 15032385536(3670016 blks) ==>    31302452(7642 blks)

done.
system.img built successfully. 
Existing tbcfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/nvtboot_cpu.bin) reused.
copying tbcdtbfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/kernel/dtb/tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb)... done.
copying cfgfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/cfg/gnu_linux_tegraboot_emmc_full.xml) to flash.xml... done.
creating gpt(ppt.img)... 

*** GPT Parameters ***
device size -------------- 31276924928
bootpart size ------------ 8388608
userpart size ------------ 31268536320
Erase Block Size --------- 2097152
sector size -------------- 4096
Partition Config file ---- flash.xml
Visible partition flag --- GP1
Primary GPT output ------- PPT->ppt.img
Secondary GPT output ----- GPT->gpt.img
Target device name ------- none

*** PARTITION LAYOUT(23 partitions) ***
[     BCT] BH            0         8191       4.0MiB 
[     NVC] BH         8192        16383       4.0MiB nvtboot.bin
[     PPT] UH            0         4095       2.0MiB 
[     GP1] UH         4096         8191       2.0MiB 
[     APP] UH         8192     29368319   14336.0MiB system.img
[     TBC] UV     29368320     29372415       2.0MiB nvtboot_cpu.bin
[     EBT] UV     29372416     29380607       4.0MiB cboot.bin
[     BPF] UV     29380608     29384703       2.0MiB bpmp.bin
[     WB0] UV     29384704     29396991       6.0MiB warmboot.bin
[     RP1] UV     29396992     29405183       4.0MiB tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb
[     TOS] UV     29405184     29417471       6.0MiB tos.img
[     EKS] UV     29417472     29421567       2.0MiB eks.img
[      FX] UV     29421568     29425663       2.0MiB 
[     SOS] UV     29425664     29466623      20.0MiB 
[     EXI] UV     29466624     29597695      64.0MiB 
[     LNX] UV     29597696     29728767      64.0MiB boot.img
[     DTB] UV     29728768     29736959       4.0MiB tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb
[     NXT] UV     29736960     29741055       2.0MiB 
[     MXB] UV     29741056     29753343       6.0MiB 
[     MXP] UV     29753344     29765631       6.0MiB 
[     USP] UV     29765632     29769727       2.0MiB 
[     UDA] UV     29769728     61067263   15282.0MiB 
[     GPT] UH     61067264     61071359       2.0MiB 
copying flasher(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/cboot.bin)... done.
Existing flashapp(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/tegraflash.py) reused.
./tegraflash.py --bl cboot.bin --bct  P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.cfg --odmdata 0x84000 --bldtb tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb --applet nvtboot_recovery.bin --boardconfig board_config_p2597-devkit.xml --cmd "flash; reboot"  --cfg flash.xml --chip 0x21    
saving flash command in /home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/flashcmd.txt
./tegraflash.py --bl cboot.bin --bct  P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.cfg --odmdata 0x84000 --bldtb tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb --applet nvtboot_recovery.bin --boardconfig board_config_p2597-devkit.xml --cmd "flash; reboot"  --cfg flash.xml --chip 0x21    
saving flash parameters in /home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/flash_parameters.txt
--bl cboot.bin --bct  P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.cfg --odmdata 0x84000 --bldtb tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb --applet nvtboot_recovery.bin --boardconfig board_config_p2597-devkit.xml --cmd "flash; reboot"  --cfg flash.xml --chip 0x21    
*** Flashing target device started. ***
Welcome to Tegra Flash
version 1.0.0
Type ? or help for help and q or quit to exit
Use ! to execute system commands
 
[   0.0000 ] Generating RCM messages
[   0.0331 ] tegrarcm --listrcm rcm_list.xml --chip 0x21 --download rcm nvtboot_recovery.bin 0 0
[   0.0344 ] RCM 0 is saved as rcm_0.rcm
[   0.0350 ] RCM 1 is saved as rcm_1.rcm
[   0.0350 ] List of rcm files are saved in rcm_list.xml
[   0.0350 ] 
[   0.0350 ] Signing RCM messages
[   0.0562 ] tegrasign --key None --list rcm_list.xml --pubkeyhash pub_key.key
[   0.0587 ] Assuming zero filled SBK key
[   0.0767 ] 
[   0.0768 ] Copying signature to RCM mesages
[   0.0793 ] tegrarcm --chip 0x21 --updatesig rcm_list_signed.xml
[   0.0830 ] 
[   0.0831 ] Parsing partition layout
[   0.0995 ] tegraparser --pt flash.xml.tmp
[   0.1113 ] 
[   0.1113 ] Creating list of images to be signed
[   0.1333 ] tegrahost --chip 0x21 --partitionlayout flash.xml.bin --list images_list.xml
[   0.1701 ] 
[   0.1701 ] Generating signatures
[   0.1722 ] tegrasign --key None --list images_list.xml --pubkeyhash pub_key.key
[   0.1741 ] Assuming zero filled SBK key
[   0.2121 ] 
[   0.2122 ] Generating br-bct
[   0.2438 ] tegrabct --bct P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.cfg --chip 0x21
[   0.2463 ] Copying Sdram info from 1 to 2 set
[   0.2777 ] Copying Sdram info from 2 to 3 set
[   0.2777 ] 
[   0.2777 ] Updating boot device parameters
[   0.2792 ] tegrabct --bct P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct --chip 0x21 --updatedevparam flash.xml.bin
[   0.2804 ] Warning: No sdram params
[   0.2807 ] 
[   0.2807 ] Updating bl info
[   0.2819 ] tegrabct --bct P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct --chip 0x21 --updateblinfo flash.xml.bin --updatesig images_list_signed.xml
[   0.2836 ] 
[   0.2836 ] Updating secondary storage information into bct
[   0.2846 ] tegraparser --pt flash.xml.bin --chip 0x21 --updatecustinfo P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct
[   0.2857 ] 
[   0.2858 ] Updating board information from board config into bct
[   0.2867 ] tegraparser --boardconfig board_config_p2597-devkit.xml --chip 0x21 --updatecustinfo P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct
[   0.2880 ] 
[   0.2880 ] Updating Odmdata
[   0.2889 ] tegrabct --bct P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct --chip 0x21 --updatefields Odmdata =0x84000
[   0.2908 ] Warning: No sdram params
[   0.2910 ] 
[   0.2911 ] Get Signed section bct
[   0.2919 ] tegrabct --bct P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct --chip 0x21 --listbct bct_list.xml
[   0.2933 ] 
[   0.2934 ] Signing BCT
[   0.2952 ] tegrasign --key None --list bct_list.xml --pubkeyhash pub_key.key
[   0.2959 ] Assuming zero filled SBK key
[   0.2965 ] 
[   0.2965 ] Updating BCT with signature
[   0.2972 ] tegrabct --bct P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct --chip 0x21 --updatesig bct_list_signed.xml
[   0.2981 ] 
[   0.2982 ] Copying signatures
[   0.2989 ] tegrahost --chip 0x21 --partitionlayout flash.xml.bin --updatesig images_list_signed.xml
[   0.2996 ] Run tegrabct to update tboot signature in bct
[   0.3010 ] 
[   0.3010 ] Updating BFS information
[   0.3018 ] tegrabct --bct P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct --chip 0x21 --updatebfsinfo flash.xml.bin
[   0.3028 ] 
[   0.3029 ] Boot Rom communication
[   0.3036 ] tegrarcm --chip 0x21 --rcm rcm_list_signed.xml
[   0.3044 ] BR_CID: 0x32101001641057492400000005018440
[   0.3056 ] RCM version 0X210001
[   0.3230 ] Boot Rom communication completed
[   1.3303 ] 
[   1.3303 ] Sending BCTs
[   1.3333 ] tegrarcm --download bct P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct
[   1.3363 ] Applet version 00.01.0000
[   1.3525 ] Sending bct
[   1.3527 ] [................................................] 100%
[   1.5117 ] 
[   1.5118 ] Sending bootloader and pre-requisite binaries
[   1.5128 ] tegrarcm --download ebt cboot.bin 0 0 --download rp1 tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb 0
[   1.5136 ] Applet version 00.01.0000
[   1.5154 ] Sending ebt
[   1.5156 ] [................................................] 100%
[   1.6100 ] Sending rp1
[   1.6151 ] [................................................] 100%
[   1.7155 ] 
[   1.7156 ] Retrieving storage infomation
[   1.7191 ] tegrarcm --oem platformdetails storage storage_info.bin
[   1.7225 ] Applet version 00.01.0000
[   1.7455 ] Saved platform info in storage_info.bin
[   1.8032 ] 
[   1.8058 ] tegrarcm --boot recovery
[   1.8086 ] Applet version 00.01.0000
[   1.8256 ] 
[   1.8257 ] Flashing the device
[   1.8478 ] tegradevflash --pt flash.xml.bin --storageinfo storage_info.bin --create
[   1.8505 ] Cboot version 00.01.0000
[   2.5493 ] Writing partition GPT with gpt.bin
[   2.5502 ] [................................................] 100%
[   2.5551 ] Writing partition NVC with nvtboot.bin.encrypt
[   6.0377 ] [................................................] 100%
[   6.0532 ] Writing partition APP with system.img
[   6.0731 ] [................................................] 100%
[   7.1866 ] Writing partition TBC with nvtboot_cpu.bin.encrypt
[   7.8819 ] [................................................] 100%
[   7.8928 ] Writing partition EBT with cboot.bin.encrypt
[   7.9068 ] [................................................] 100%
[   7.9308 ] Writing partition BPF with bpmp.bin
[   7.9473 ] [................................................] 100%
[   7.9560 ] Writing partition WB0 with warmboot.bin.encrypt
[   7.9674 ] [................................................] 100%
[   7.9753 ] Writing partition RP1 with tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb
[   7.9877 ] [................................................] 100%
[   8.0123 ] Writing partition TOS with tos.img.encrypt
[   8.0307 ] [................................................] 100%
[   8.0382 ] Writing partition EKS with eks.img
[   8.0500 ] [................................................] 100%
[   8.0571 ] Writing partition LNX with boot.img
[   8.0678 ] [................................................] 100%
[   8.4055 ] Writing partition DTB with tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb
[   8.5693 ] [................................................] 100%
[   8.6104 ] 
[   8.6129 ] tegradevflash --write BCT P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct
[   8.6152 ] Cboot version 00.01.0000
[   8.6175 ] Writing partition BCT with P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.bct
[   8.6183 ] [................................................] 100%
[   8.7091 ] 
[   8.7092 ] Flashing completed

[   8.7094 ] Coldbooting the device
[   8.7124 ] tegradevflash --reboot coldboot
[   8.7151 ] Cboot version 00.01.0000
[   8.7177 ] 
*** The target t210ref has been flashed successfully. ***
Make the target filesystem available to the device and reset the board to boot from external sda1.

And the flashing procedure is too fast compared to running the command:

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-tx1  mmcblk0p1

which gives output:

copying bctfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/BCT/P2180_A00_LP4_DSC_204Mhz.cfg)... done.
copying bootloader(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/cboot.bin)... done.
	populating kernel to rootfs... done.
	populating initrd to rootfs... done.
	populating extlinux.conf.emmc to rootfs... done.
	populating /home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/kernel/dtb/tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb to rootfs... done.
done.
Making Boot image... done.
copying bcffile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/cfg/board_config_p2597-devkit.xml)... done.
Existing sosfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/nvtboot_recovery.bin) reused.
copying tegraboot(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/nvtboot.bin)... done.
Existing bpffile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/bpmp.bin) reused.
copying wb0boot(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/t210ref/warmboot.bin)... done.
Existing tosfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/tos.img) reused.
Existing eksfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/bootloader/eks.img) reused.
copying dtbfile(/home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/kernel/dtb/tegra210-jetson-tx1-p2597-2180-a01-devkit.dtb)... done.
Making system.img... 
	populating rootfs from /home/yerong/local/JetPack3.1/64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra_64_tx1/rootfs ... 
done.
	Sync'ing system.img ... done.
	Converting RAW image to Sparse image... 

---- Raw to Sparse Image Converter v1.0 ----------------------------
  0: RAW:     3715072(    907 blks) ==>          28:3715084
  1: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>     3715112:12
  2: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>     3715124:4108
  3: SKP:       61440(     15 blks) ==>     3719232:12
  4: RAW:     1744896(    426 blks) ==>     3719244:1744908
  5: SKP:    31809536(   7766 blks) ==>     5464152:12
  6: RAW:     5500928(   1343 blks) ==>     5464164:5500940
  7: SKP:    91357184(  22304 blks) ==>    10965104:12
  8: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>    10965116:8204
  9: SKP:     3665920(    895 blks) ==>    10973320:12
 10: RAW:     1449984(    354 blks) ==>    10973332:1449996
 11: SKP:      667648(    163 blks) ==>    12423328:12
 12: RAW:       98304(     24 blks) ==>    12423340:98316
 13: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>    12521656:12
 14: RAW:      106496(     26 blks) ==>    12521668:106508
 15: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>    12628176:12
 16: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    12628188:4108
 17: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>    12632296:12
 18: RAW:     1130496(    276 blks) ==>    12632308:1130508
 19: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    13762816:12
 20: RAW:      307200(     75 blks) ==>    13762828:307212
 21: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    14070040:12
 22: RAW:      122880(     30 blks) ==>    14070052:122892
 23: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    14192944:12
 24: RAW:    26263552(   6412 blks) ==>    14192956:26263564
 25: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>    40456520:12
 26: RAW:    99966976(  24406 blks) ==>    40456532:99966988
 27: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   140423520:12
 28: RAW:    10960896(   2676 blks) ==>   140423532:10960908
 29: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   151384440:12
 30: RAW:       69632(     17 blks) ==>   151384452:69644
 31: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   151454096:12
 32: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   151454108:16396
 33: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   151470504:12
 34: RAW:       90112(     22 blks) ==>   151470516:90124
 35: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   151560640:12
 36: RAW:      221184(     54 blks) ==>   151560652:221196
 37: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   151781848:12
 38: RAW:      135168(     33 blks) ==>   151781860:135180
 39: SKP:       32768(      8 blks) ==>   151917040:12
 40: RAW:     1527808(    373 blks) ==>   151917052:1527820
 41: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   153444872:12
 42: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   153444884:8204
 43: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   153453088:12
 44: RAW:       28672(      7 blks) ==>   153453100:28684
 45: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   153481784:12
 46: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   153481796:16396
 47: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   153498192:12
 48: RAW:       40960(     10 blks) ==>   153498204:40972
 49: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   153539176:12
 50: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   153539188:4108
 51: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   153543296:12
 52: RAW:       45056(     11 blks) ==>   153543308:45068
 53: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   153588376:12
 54: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   153588388:8204
 55: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   153596592:12
 56: RAW:       98304(     24 blks) ==>   153596604:98316
 57: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   153694920:12
 58: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   153694932:16396
 59: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   153711328:12
 60: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   153711340:4108
 61: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   153715448:12
 62: RAW:      356352(     87 blks) ==>   153715460:356364
 63: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   154071824:12
 64: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   154071836:4108
 65: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   154075944:12
 66: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   154075956:4108
 67: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   154080064:12
 68: RAW:       49152(     12 blks) ==>   154080076:49164
 69: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   154129240:12
 70: RAW:     1327104(    324 blks) ==>   154129252:1327116
 71: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   155456368:12
 72: RAW:      708608(    173 blks) ==>   155456380:708620
 73: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   156165000:12
 74: RAW:      737280(    180 blks) ==>   156165012:737292
 75: SKP:       32768(      8 blks) ==>   156902304:12
 76: RAW:      110592(     27 blks) ==>   156902316:110604
 77: SKP:       40960(     10 blks) ==>   157012920:12
 78: RAW:    15970304(   3899 blks) ==>   157012932:15970316
 79: SKP:       20480(      5 blks) ==>   172983248:12
 80: RAW:    98004992(  23927 blks) ==>   172983260:98005004
 81: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   270988264:12
 82: RAW:     3706880(    905 blks) ==>   270988276:3706892
 83: SKP:     3665920(    895 blks) ==>   274695168:12
 84: RAW:    14913536(   3641 blks) ==>   274695180:14913548
 85: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   289608728:12
 86: RAW:     2449408(    598 blks) ==>   289608740:2449420
 87: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   292058160:12
 88: RAW:     1880064(    459 blks) ==>   292058172:1880076
 89: SKP:       40960(     10 blks) ==>   293938248:12
 90: RAW:    41459712(  10122 blks) ==>   293938260:41459724
 91: SKP:       20480(      5 blks) ==>   335397984:12
 92: RAW:      249856(     61 blks) ==>   335397996:249868
 93: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   335647864:12
 94: RAW:      184320(     45 blks) ==>   335647876:184332
 95: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   335832208:12
 96: RAW:     7778304(   1899 blks) ==>   335832220:7778316
 97: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   343610536:12
 98: RAW:     1011712(    247 blks) ==>   343610548:1011724
 99: SKP:       45056(     11 blks) ==>   344622272:12
100: RAW:    10059776(   2456 blks) ==>   344622284:10059788
101: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   354682072:12
102: RAW:    23642112(   5772 blks) ==>   354682084:23642124
103: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   378324208:12
104: RAW:       49152(     12 blks) ==>   378324220:49164
105: SKP:       36864(      9 blks) ==>   378373384:12
106: RAW:     9138176(   2231 blks) ==>   378373396:9138188
107: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   387511584:12
108: RAW:     7327744(   1789 blks) ==>   387511596:7327756
109: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   394839352:12
110: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   394839364:16396
111: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   394855760:12
112: RAW:    17985536(   4391 blks) ==>   394855772:17985548
113: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   412841320:12
114: RAW:       69632(     17 blks) ==>   412841332:69644
115: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   412910976:12
116: RAW:       69632(     17 blks) ==>   412910988:69644
117: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   412980632:12
118: RAW:       65536(     16 blks) ==>   412980644:65548
119: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   413046192:12
120: RAW:       69632(     17 blks) ==>   413046204:69644
121: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   413115848:12
122: RAW:       61440(     15 blks) ==>   413115860:61452
123: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   413177312:12
124: RAW:       61440(     15 blks) ==>   413177324:61452
125: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   413238776:12
126: RAW:    21807104(   5324 blks) ==>   413238788:21807116
127: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   435045904:12
128: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   435045916:4108
129: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   435050024:12
130: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   435050036:16396
131: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   435066432:12
132: RAW:     2183168(    533 blks) ==>   435066444:2183180
133: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   437249624:12
134: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   437249636:16396
135: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   437266032:12
136: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   437266044:16396
137: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   437282440:12
138: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   437282452:4108
139: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   437286560:12
140: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   437286572:12300
141: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>   437298872:12
142: RAW:     7946240(   1940 blks) ==>   437298884:7946252
143: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   445245136:12
144: RAW:     1540096(    376 blks) ==>   445245148:1540108
145: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   446785256:12
146: RAW:     8851456(   2161 blks) ==>   446785268:8851468
147: SKP:       28672(      7 blks) ==>   455636736:12
148: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   455636748:8204
149: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   455644952:12
150: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   455644964:12300
151: SKP:      765952(    187 blks) ==>   455657264:12
152: RAW:     1036288(    253 blks) ==>   455657276:1036300
153: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   456693576:12
154: RAW:      172032(     42 blks) ==>   456693588:172044
155: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   456865632:12
156: RAW:      184320(     45 blks) ==>   456865644:184332
157: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   457049976:12
158: RAW:      200704(     49 blks) ==>   457049988:200716
159: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   457250704:12
160: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   457250716:16396
161: SKP:       45056(     11 blks) ==>   457267112:12
162: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   457267124:4108
163: SKP:      167936(     41 blks) ==>   457271232:12
164: RAW:       77824(     19 blks) ==>   457271244:77836
165: SKP:       45056(     11 blks) ==>   457349080:12
166: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   457349092:4108
167: SKP:      208896(     51 blks) ==>   457353200:12
168: RAW:      299008(     73 blks) ==>   457353212:299020
169: SKP:       86016(     21 blks) ==>   457652232:12
170: RAW:      294912(     72 blks) ==>   457652244:294924
171: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>   457947168:12
172: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   457947180:8204
173: SKP:       57344(     14 blks) ==>   457955384:12
174: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   457955396:4108
175: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   457959504:12
176: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   457959516:4108
177: SKP:       40960(     10 blks) ==>   457963624:12
178: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   457963636:8204
179: SKP:       57344(     14 blks) ==>   457971840:12
180: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   457971852:12300
181: SKP:       28672(      7 blks) ==>   457984152:12
182: RAW:      405504(     99 blks) ==>   457984164:405516
183: SKP:       45056(     11 blks) ==>   458389680:12
184: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   458389692:4108
185: SKP:      208896(     51 blks) ==>   458393800:12
186: RAW:      237568(     58 blks) ==>   458393812:237580
187: SKP:       86016(     21 blks) ==>   458631392:12
188: RAW:      294912(     72 blks) ==>   458631404:294924
189: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>   458926328:12
190: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   458926340:8204
191: SKP:       86016(     21 blks) ==>   458934544:12
192: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   458934556:4108
193: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   458938664:12
194: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   458938676:4108
195: SKP:       57344(     14 blks) ==>   458942784:12
196: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   458942796:8204
197: SKP:       73728(     18 blks) ==>   458951000:12
198: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   458951012:4108
199: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   458955120:12
200: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   458955132:8204
201: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>   458963336:12
202: RAW:      966656(    236 blks) ==>   458963348:966668
203: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   459930016:12
204: RAW:       20480(      5 blks) ==>   459930028:20492
205: SKP:     1380352(    337 blks) ==>   459950520:12
206: RAW:    35627008(   8698 blks) ==>   459950532:35627020
207: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   495577552:12
208: RAW:     2564096(    626 blks) ==>   495577564:2564108
209: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   498141672:12
210: RAW:     2723840(    665 blks) ==>   498141684:2723852
211: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   500865536:12
212: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   500865548:16396
213: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   500881944:12
214: RAW:      335872(     82 blks) ==>   500881956:335884
215: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   501217840:12
216: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   501217852:16396
217: SKP:       61440(     15 blks) ==>   501234248:12
218: RAW:      126976(     31 blks) ==>   501234260:126988
219: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   501361248:12
220: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   501361260:12300
221: SKP:       20480(      5 blks) ==>   501373560:12
222: RAW:     2703360(    660 blks) ==>   501373572:2703372
223: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   504076944:12
224: RAW:     2560000(    625 blks) ==>   504076956:2560012
225: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   506636968:12
226: RAW:     2830336(    691 blks) ==>   506636980:2830348
227: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   509467328:12
228: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   509467340:16396
229: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   509483736:12
230: RAW:      335872(     82 blks) ==>   509483748:335884
231: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   509819632:12
232: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   509819644:16396
233: SKP:       61440(     15 blks) ==>   509836040:12
234: RAW:      126976(     31 blks) ==>   509836052:126988
235: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   509963040:12
236: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   509963052:12300
237: SKP:       20480(      5 blks) ==>   509975352:12
238: RAW:    18460672(   4507 blks) ==>   509975364:18460684
239: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   528436048:12
240: RAW:     6778880(   1655 blks) ==>   528436060:6778892
241: SKP:     3665920(    895 blks) ==>   535214952:12
242: RAW:      159744(     39 blks) ==>   535214964:159756
243: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   535374720:12
244: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   535374732:8204
245: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   535382936:12
246: RAW:       36864(      9 blks) ==>   535382948:36876
247: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   535419824:12
248: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   535419836:12300
249: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   535432136:12
250: RAW:       65536(     16 blks) ==>   535432148:65548
251: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   535497696:12
252: RAW:       73728(     18 blks) ==>   535497708:73740
253: SKP:      135168(     33 blks) ==>   535571448:12
254: RAW:     6668288(   1628 blks) ==>   535571460:6668300
255: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   542239760:12
256: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   542239772:4108
257: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   542243880:12
258: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   542243892:16396
259: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   542260288:12
260: RAW:      348160(     85 blks) ==>   542260300:348172
261: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   542608472:12
262: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   542608484:4108
263: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   542612592:12
264: RAW:      409600(    100 blks) ==>   542612604:409612
265: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   543022216:12
266: RAW:      229376(     56 blks) ==>   543022228:229388
267: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   543251616:12
268: RAW:      155648(     38 blks) ==>   543251628:155660
269: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   543407288:12
270: RAW:      180224(     44 blks) ==>   543407300:180236
271: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   543587536:12
272: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   543587548:12300
273: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   543599848:12
274: RAW:       32768(      8 blks) ==>   543599860:32780
275: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   543632640:12
276: RAW:       36864(      9 blks) ==>   543632652:36876
277: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   543669528:12
278: RAW:      135168(     33 blks) ==>   543669540:135180
279: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   543804720:12
280: RAW:      520192(    127 blks) ==>   543804732:520204
281: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   544324936:12
282: RAW:       28672(      7 blks) ==>   544324948:28684
283: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   544353632:12
284: RAW:       36864(      9 blks) ==>   544353644:36876
285: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   544390520:12
286: RAW:     1228800(    300 blks) ==>   544390532:1228812
287: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   545619344:12
288: RAW:     1421312(    347 blks) ==>   545619356:1421324
289: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   547040680:12
290: RAW:      114688(     28 blks) ==>   547040692:114700
291: SKP:      888832(    217 blks) ==>   547155392:12
292: RAW:    30138368(   7358 blks) ==>   547155404:30138380
293: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   577293784:12
294: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577293796:8204
295: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   577302000:12
296: RAW:       32768(      8 blks) ==>   577302012:32780
297: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577334792:12
298: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577334804:4108
299: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577338912:12
300: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577338924:8204
301: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577347128:12
302: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577347140:8204
303: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577355344:12
304: RAW:       28672(      7 blks) ==>   577355356:28684
305: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577384040:12
306: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577384052:4108
307: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577388160:12
308: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577388172:8204
309: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577396376:12
310: RAW:       32768(      8 blks) ==>   577396388:32780
311: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577429168:12
312: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577429180:8204
313: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577437384:12
314: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577437396:4108
315: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577441504:12
316: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577441516:8204
317: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577449720:12
318: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577449732:8204
319: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577457936:12
320: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577457948:4108
321: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577462056:12
322: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577462068:8204
323: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577470272:12
324: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577470284:8204
325: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577478488:12
326: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577478500:4108
327: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577482608:12
328: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577482620:8204
329: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577490824:12
330: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577490836:8204
331: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577499040:12
332: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577499052:4108
333: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577503160:12
334: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577503172:8204
335: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577511376:12
336: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577511388:8204
337: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577519592:12
338: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577519604:4108
339: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577523712:12
340: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577523724:8204
341: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577531928:12
342: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577531940:4108
343: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577536048:12
344: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577536060:8204
345: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577544264:12
346: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577544276:4108
347: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577548384:12
348: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577548396:8204
349: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577556600:12
350: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577556612:4108
351: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577560720:12
352: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577560732:8204
353: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577568936:12
354: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577568948:8204
355: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577577152:12
356: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577577164:8204
357: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577585368:12
358: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577585380:4108
359: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   577589488:12
360: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   577589500:16396
361: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577605896:12
362: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577605908:8204
363: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577614112:12
364: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577614124:8204
365: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577622328:12
366: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577622340:12300
367: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577634640:12
368: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577634652:8204
369: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577642856:12
370: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577642868:8204
371: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577651072:12
372: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577651084:8204
373: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577659288:12
374: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577659300:8204
375: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577667504:12
376: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577667516:4108
377: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577671624:12
378: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577671636:8204
379: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577679840:12
380: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577679852:8204
381: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577688056:12
382: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577688068:4108
383: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577692176:12
384: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577692188:8204
385: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577700392:12
386: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577700404:4108
387: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577704512:12
388: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577704524:8204
389: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577712728:12
390: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577712740:8204
391: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577720944:12
392: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577720956:8204
393: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577729160:12
394: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577729172:8204
395: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577737376:12
396: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577737388:4108
397: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577741496:12
398: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577741508:8204
399: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577749712:12
400: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577749724:4108
401: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577753832:12
402: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577753844:8204
403: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577762048:12
404: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577762060:4108
405: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577766168:12
406: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577766180:8204
407: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577774384:12
408: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577774396:4108
409: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577778504:12
410: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577778516:8204
411: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577786720:12
412: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577786732:8204
413: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577794936:12
414: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577794948:4108
415: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577799056:12
416: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577799068:8204
417: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577807272:12
418: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577807284:4108
419: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577811392:12
420: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577811404:4108
421: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577815512:12
422: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577815524:4108
423: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577819632:12
424: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577819644:4108
425: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577823752:12
426: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577823764:8204
427: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577831968:12
428: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577831980:8204
429: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577840184:12
430: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577840196:4108
431: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577844304:12
432: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577844316:8204
433: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577852520:12
434: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577852532:8204
435: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577860736:12
436: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577860748:4108
437: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577864856:12
438: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577864868:8204
439: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577873072:12
440: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577873084:8204
441: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577881288:12
442: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577881300:8204
443: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577889504:12
444: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577889516:8204
445: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577897720:12
446: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577897732:8204
447: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577905936:12
448: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577905948:4108
449: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577910056:12
450: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577910068:8204
451: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577918272:12
452: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577918284:4108
453: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577922392:12
454: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577922404:12300
455: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577934704:12
456: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577934716:8204
457: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577942920:12
458: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577942932:12300
459: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577955232:12
460: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577955244:8204
461: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577963448:12
462: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577963460:8204
463: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577971664:12
464: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   577971676:4108
465: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577975784:12
466: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577975796:8204
467: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   577984000:12
468: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577984012:8204
469: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577992216:12
470: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   577992228:8204
471: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578000432:12
472: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578000444:12300
473: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578012744:12
474: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578012756:12300
475: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578025056:12
476: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578025068:8204
477: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578033272:12
478: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578033284:4108
479: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578037392:12
480: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578037404:8204
481: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578045608:12
482: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578045620:8204
483: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578053824:12
484: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578053836:4108
485: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578057944:12
486: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578057956:8204
487: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578066160:12
488: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578066172:8204
489: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578074376:12
490: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578074388:12300
491: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578086688:12
492: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578086700:8204
493: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578094904:12
494: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578094916:8204
495: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578103120:12
496: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578103132:8204
497: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578111336:12
498: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578111348:8204
499: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578119552:12
500: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578119564:8204
501: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578127768:12
502: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578127780:4108
503: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578131888:12
504: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578131900:8204
505: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578140104:12
506: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578140116:4108
507: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578144224:12
508: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578144236:8204
509: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578152440:12
510: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578152452:4108
511: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578156560:12
512: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578156572:8204
513: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578164776:12
514: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578164788:4108
515: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578168896:12
516: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578168908:8204
517: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578177112:12
518: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578177124:4108
519: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578181232:12
520: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578181244:8204
521: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578189448:12
522: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578189460:4108
523: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578193568:12
524: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578193580:8204
525: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578201784:12
526: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578201796:4108
527: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578205904:12
528: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578205916:4108
529: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578210024:12
530: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578210036:4108
531: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578214144:12
532: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   578214156:16396
533: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578230552:12
534: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578230564:4108
535: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578234672:12
536: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578234684:4108
537: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578238792:12
538: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578238804:8204
539: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578247008:12
540: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578247020:4108
541: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578251128:12
542: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578251140:8204
543: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578259344:12
544: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578259356:4108
545: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578263464:12
546: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578263476:8204
547: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578271680:12
548: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578271692:8204
549: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578279896:12
550: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578279908:12300
551: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578292208:12
552: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578292220:8204
553: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578300424:12
554: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578300436:4108
555: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578304544:12
556: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578304556:8204
557: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578312760:12
558: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578312772:4108
559: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578316880:12
560: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578316892:8204
561: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578325096:12
562: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578325108:4108
563: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578329216:12
564: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578329228:8204
565: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578337432:12
566: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578337444:4108
567: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578341552:12
568: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578341564:8204
569: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578349768:12
570: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578349780:4108
571: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578353888:12
572: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578353900:8204
573: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578362104:12
574: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578362116:4108
575: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578366224:12
576: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578366236:8204
577: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578374440:12
578: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578374452:8204
579: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578382656:12
580: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578382668:8204
581: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578390872:12
582: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578390884:8204
583: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578399088:12
584: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578399100:4108
585: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578403208:12
586: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578403220:8204
587: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578411424:12
588: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578411436:4108
589: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578415544:12
590: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578415556:8204
591: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578423760:12
592: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578423772:4108
593: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578427880:12
594: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578427892:8204
595: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578436096:12
596: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578436108:4108
597: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578440216:12
598: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578440228:8204
599: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578448432:12
600: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578448444:4108
601: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578452552:12
602: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578452564:8204
603: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578460768:12
604: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578460780:8204
605: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578468984:12
606: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578468996:4108
607: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578473104:12
608: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578473116:8204
609: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578481320:12
610: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578481332:8204
611: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578489536:12
612: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578489548:4108
613: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578493656:12
614: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578493668:8204
615: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578501872:12
616: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578501884:4108
617: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578505992:12
618: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578506004:8204
619: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578514208:12
620: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578514220:8204
621: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578522424:12
622: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578522436:8204
623: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578530640:12
624: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578530652:8204
625: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578538856:12
626: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578538868:4108
627: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578542976:12
628: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578542988:8204
629: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578551192:12
630: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578551204:4108
631: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578555312:12
632: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578555324:8204
633: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578563528:12
634: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578563540:4108
635: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578567648:12
636: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578567660:8204
637: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578575864:12
638: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578575876:4108
639: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578579984:12
640: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578579996:4108
641: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578584104:12
642: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578584116:12300
643: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578596416:12
644: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578596428:4108
645: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578600536:12
646: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   578600548:8204
647: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578608752:12
648: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   578608764:4108
649: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   578612872:12
650: RAW:    35086336(   8566 blks) ==>   578612884:35086348
651: SKP:       61440(     15 blks) ==>   613699232:12
652: RAW:      294912(     72 blks) ==>   613699244:294924
653: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>   613994168:12
654: RAW:     2244608(    548 blks) ==>   613994180:2244620
655: SKP:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   616238800:12
656: RAW:       20480(      5 blks) ==>   616238812:20492
657: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   616259304:12
658: RAW:      184320(     45 blks) ==>   616259316:184332
659: SKP:     4014080(    980 blks) ==>   616443648:12
660: RAW:    16777216(   4096 blks) ==>   616443660:16777228
661: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633220888:12
662: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633220900:8204
663: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633229104:12
664: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633229116:4108
665: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633233224:12
666: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633233236:8204
667: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633241440:12
668: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633241452:8204
669: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633249656:12
670: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633249668:4108
671: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633253776:12
672: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633253788:8204
673: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633261992:12
674: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633262004:8204
675: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633270208:12
676: RAW:      122880(     30 blks) ==>   633270220:122892
677: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633393112:12
678: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633393124:8204
679: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633401328:12
680: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633401340:4108
681: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633405448:12
682: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633405460:8204
683: SKP:       24576(      6 blks) ==>   633413664:12
684: RAW:       73728(     18 blks) ==>   633413676:73740
685: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633487416:12
686: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633487428:8204
687: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633495632:12
688: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633495644:8204
689: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633503848:12
690: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633503860:4108
691: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633507968:12
692: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633507980:12300
693: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633520280:12
694: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633520292:12300
695: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633532592:12
696: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633532604:8204
697: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633540808:12
698: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633540820:8204
699: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633549024:12
700: RAW:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633549036:8204
701: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633557240:12
702: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633557252:4108
703: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633561360:12
704: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633561372:4108
705: SKP:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633565480:12
706: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633565492:4108
707: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633569600:12
708: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633569612:4108
709: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633573720:12
710: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633573732:4108
711: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633577840:12
712: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   633577852:16396
713: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633594248:12
714: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633594260:4108
715: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633598368:12
716: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633598380:4108
717: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633602488:12
718: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633602500:12300
719: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633614800:12
720: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633614812:4108
721: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633618920:12
722: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633618932:4108
723: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633623040:12
724: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633623052:4108
725: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633627160:12
726: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633627172:4108
727: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633631280:12
728: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   633631292:16396
729: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633647688:12
730: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633647700:4108
731: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633651808:12
732: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633651820:4108
733: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633655928:12
734: RAW:       16384(      4 blks) ==>   633655940:16396
735: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633672336:12
736: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633672348:4108
737: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633676456:12
738: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633676468:4108
739: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633680576:12
740: RAW:       12288(      3 blks) ==>   633680588:12300
741: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633692888:12
742: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633692900:4108
743: SKP:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633697008:12
744: RAW:        4096(      1 blks) ==>   633697020:4108
745: SKP:        8192(      2 blks) ==>   633701128:12

Now I am very sure that flashing with

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-tx1 sda1   # flash to external usb drive

and

sudo ./flash.sh jetson-tx1  mmcblk0p1   #  flash to eMMC

are different and I can suceed in flashing onto eMMC while I cannot be as sucessful on flash drive.

And after flashing to the external usb drive, I tried to view the contents on my drive, it says the contents cannot be displayed and I don’t have permission to view the contents.

The image created was not actually populated to the flash drive on the Jetson. What I’d suggest is look at “bootloader/system.img”…this file should be loopback mountable, e.g., to mount read-only on the host at “/mnt” (if “system.img” won’t mount, look for “system.img.raw”…though this might be left over from a different flash):

sudo mount -o loop,ro /where/ever/L4T/is/<b>Linux_for_Tegra/bootloader/system.img</b> /mnt
cd /mnt
ls
cd -
sudo umount /mnt

Raw images are just exact copies of an entire file system and can be loopback mounted or copied byte-for-byte onto a partition. Sparse images are the equivalent of cheap compression and cannot be loopback mounted without extracting. It appears the raw image was generated, but not the sparse image…which is what you want.

There are a number of ways to copy the image to thumb drive. If you already created the first partition as the exact size of the system.img starting on the correct offset you can dd it directly. Otherwise, just mount the image like above, and then use sudo to recursively copy (with permission preservation) the “/mnt” read-only version onto the partition (this has the advantage that the image and partition can be different sizes…files are copied instead of a file system…you can do this with dd but it doesn’t seem “proper” if sizes don’t match…you might find some validation software won’t like it). Use gdisk to do any SD card partitioning.

rsync would also work if just doing updates on a reference cloned rootfs.

An example for ordinary copy is (assumes thumb drive on host is sdb…adjust accordingly):

# Partition with a big enough partition on the thumb drive's first partition, e.g., 16GB or more using gdisk (I'm guessing you want larger, e.g., 64GB).
sudo -s
gdisk /dev/sdb
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sdb1
# Make sure you have a large enough ext4 first partition at sdb1:
lsblk -f /dev/sdb
mkdir /mnt/thumb
mkdir /mnt/image
mount -o loop,ro /where/ever/it/is/Linux_for_Tegra/bootloader/system.img /mnt/image
mount /dev/sdb1 /mnt/thumb
cd /mnt/thumb
cp -adpR /mnt/image/* .
cd
umount /mnt/image
sync
umount /mnt/thumb
exit
# This thumb should be bootable if the image had the "/boot" content.

Note: The sda1 target changes the “/boot” configuration files and where U-Boot looks for the rootfs. If you point to mmcblk0p1, then you can just edit the extlinux.conf file on eMMC to point at the SD and be done without flashing it…with sda1 target it means your Jetson cannot boot without the SD card being in place and having “/boot” populated on it (including extlinux.conf).

If you ever want to edit the image itself just mount without the “,ro” part of the mount options.

On the host, I copied the mount system.img.raw to /mnt/image and copy contents to the thumb drive. I see /boot folder in the thumb drive.

Then I flashed OS to eMMC with Jetpack 3.1 normally,then I edited the extlinux.conf on eMMC replacing mmcblk0p1 to sda1 but it still does work.

This time when TX1 boots, it fails with

random: nonblocking pool is initialized
cannot find fireware....retry after 1 second
Direct firemware load for tergra21x_xusb_firemware failed with error -2
Falling back to user helper
cannot find fireware....retry after 1 second
Direct firemware load for tergra21x_xusb_firemware failed with error -2
Falling back to user helper
cannot find fireware....retry after 1 second
Direct firemware load for tergra21x_xusb_firemware failed with error -2
Falling back to user helper
cannot find fireware....retry after 1 second
Direct firemware load for tergra21x_xusb_firemware failed with error -2
Falling back to user helper

Mostly what you did sounds correct, but there are a few “gotchas” along the way.

I assume you mean you mounted the image on “/mnt/image” since mount is not an actual copy (think of it as an organized view of the content). An actual cp to the image directory might result in problems. Did you use sudo during your copy of this onto the thumb drive?

Firmware is something which would have been copied into the “rootfs/” directory via the “sudo ./apply_binaries.sh” step. Did you do this prior to the flash which would have created the system.img.raw? JetPack should have asked for your password if you used JetPack, otherwise you’d need to do this manually. Was this the same system.img.raw from the JetPack3.1 flash which you put on the thumb drive (I’m thinking maybe you used the system.img.raw from JetPack3.2)?

Did this Jetson boot and run ok when booting to eMMC with that systemg.img.raw?

I cannot find apply_binaries.sh file in the JetPack folder.

I think I follow your steps copying the system.img.raw mounted files to the thumb drive and since we did “sudo -s” beforehand we used sudo actually in the copy process.

During flash JetPack can be told to remove temporary files when done. I don’t know if this would include the driver package or not, but apply_binaries.sh is not really temporary, it is part of the driver package. I think there will be a subdirectory “64_TX1/”, and within this subdirectory “Linux_for_Tegra/”. It is within the “Linux_for_Tegra/” directory where the apply_binaries.sh script is found. This script is mandatory for getting a working rootfs (which in turn is mandatory for getting a system.img.raw which is valid). My JetPack flash was set to leave temporary files in place, so I’m not sure if this is needed to keep the driver package or not.

Can you find “64_TX1/Linux_for_Tegra/” and is apply_binaries.sh there?

Yes, I found the apply_binaraies.sh now. And do you mean I should run this script before copying mounted system.img.raw to the thumb drive?

total 132K
drwxr-xr-x  6 yerong yerong 4.0K Jul 20 02:45 ./
drwxrwxr-x  3 yerong yerong 4.0K Dec 25 15:57 ../
-rwxr-xr-x  1 yerong yerong  18K Jul 20 02:45 apply_binaries.sh*
drwxr-xr-x  3 yerong yerong 4.0K Jul 20 02:45 bootloader/
-rw-r--r--  1 yerong yerong 2.7K Jul 20 02:45 e2220-1170.conf
-rwxr-xr-x  1 yerong yerong 2.5K Jul 20 02:45 elf-get-entry.py*
-rwxr-xr-x  1 yerong yerong  51K Jul 20 02:45 flash.sh*
lrwxrwxrwx  1 yerong yerong   22 Jul 20 02:45 jetson-tx1.conf -> p2371-2180-devkit.conf
drwxr-xr-x  3 yerong yerong 4.0K Jul 20 02:46 kernel/
drwxr-xr-x  3 yerong yerong 4.0K Jul 20 02:46 nv_tegra/
-rw-r--r--  1 yerong yerong 2.9K Jul 20 02:45 p2371-0000.conf
-rw-r--r--  1 yerong yerong 2.8K Jul 20 02:45 p2371-2180.conf
-rw-r--r--  1 yerong yerong 2.9K Jul 20 02:45 p2371-2180-devkit-24x7.conf
-rw-r--r--  1 yerong yerong 2.9K Jul 20 02:45 p2371-2180-devkit.conf
drwxr-xr-x 21 yerong yerong 4.0K Dec 25 15:58 rootfs/
-rwxr-xr-x  1 yerong yerong 9.3K Jul 20 02:45 source_sync.sh*

The rootfs subdirectory is constructed by unpacking the sample rootfs there, and then overlay of NVIDIA driver files and configuration on top of this. At the moment those files overlay the rootfs the name could be considered as changing from Ubuntu to L4T. Running apply_binaries.sh is what overlays those files.

Running flash.sh overlays boot configuration and boot-related files into “/boot” of rootfs and depends on arguments as to what it puts there. flash.sh also modifies where U-Boot’s binary looks for extlinux.conf.

At the moment of flash system.img.raw is created based on all of those files in the rootfs directory. If any step is missing, then flash will work, but something will be missing or invalid. You won’t know until it fails at boot or acts strange.

JetPack will do this for you…it unpacks the sample rootfs, runs apply_binaries.sh, and calls flash.sh with the right arguments.

Did you use JetPack, or did you run flash on command line? If JetPack, then you know those steps are valid. If on command line, then it might be something missing in the rootfs which created system.img.raw at fault.